Conference on “Low-Carbon Transformation in Macau Hotel Industry”

Today, the Institute of Energy, Environment and Economy, Tsinghua University and Low Carbon Green Hotel Development Alliance (LCGHDA) held an online conference of “Macau Hotel Industry Low Carbon Transformation Seminar” in Hengqin. The conference aims to promote the integration of academic research and practical experience, explore ideas, discuss and deepen the development of low-carbon transformation in hotel industry. The event attracted nearly 100 participants from the hotel industry in Greater Bay Area, academic institutions, alliance members and interested parties to participate online and offline.

Associate Professor Liu Bin, Deputy Director of Institute of Energy, Environment and Economy, Tsinghua University, said in her speech that in respond to the national “dual-carbon” strategy and comply with the trend of economic and social development, the Institute of Energy, Environment and Economy of Tsinghua University and LCGHDA have worked closely together, in hope of taking Macau hotels as role model to drive the green and low-carbon development of China’s hotel industry, and contribute to the world’s sustainability and response to energy problem.  It is hoped that this seminar can share the relevant results, promote the sparks of wisdom, and provide good thoughts and ideas for our next steps.

The session was moderated by Associate Researcher Zhou Jian, Assistant Director of Institute of Energy, Environment and Economy, Tsinghua University.

Guo Siyue, Assistant Researcher of Institute of Energy, Environment and Economy, Tsinghua University, shared the experience of the international hotel industry in achieving near-zero emissions, focusing on climate action documents issued by relevant industry associations and platforms from China and other countries, as well as the experience from low/zero-carbon hotels, and major emission reduction measures. She cited many industry leaders as examples to demonstrate their excellent practices in their commitment to environmental protection, such as hotels with net-zero emissions throughout their entire life cycle, energy conservation, consumption reduction, and waste management. By summarizing and analyzing the results, participants were able to have a clearer picture of the sustainability direction within hotel industry.

Gu Alun, Associate Researcher of Institute of Energy, Environment and Economy, Tsinghua University, spoke on the topic of carbon footprint in Greater Bay Area and carbon disclosure in Macau hotel industry, explaining the pathway selection for zero-carbon development within hotel industry, and analyzing the current carbon footprint in Greater Bay Area, as well as the timeframe for low-carbon development, carbon disclosure design and recommendations in Macau hotel industry. She mentioned that the current carbon disclosure approach is not standardized, mainstream ESG corporate disclosure standards and frameworks are different. Currently there are three sets of carbon disclosure systems in Greater Bay Area, and mandatory carbon disclosure has been implemented beside Hong Kong and Macau.

Albert Chuck, Director of LCGHDA, gave suggestions to participants from green building perspective. Data shows that Macau has the characteristics of tertiary industry as the main industry, in which building energy consumption (including electricity and fossil energy) accounts for a large proportion. The national carbon emission data also shows that the entire life cycle of buildings takes up a large proportion of carbon emissions. Promoting the electrification of buildings and the development of intelligent properties management, as well as the promotion of green buildings, is one of the keys to achieve carbon neutrality in Macau.

Kevin Pong, Assistant Director of Facilities Management Department of MGM, introduced MGM’s major facilities, daily operation, green operation philosophy and achievements. Taking kitchen ventilation control system as example, team members utilized the management system and sensors to automatically control the ventilation system to reduce energy loss during idle time. He also mentioned that how enterprises take operational stability and efficiency into account when upgrading and transforming to reduce energy is worth to discuss.

Chan Weng Si, Executive Director of NV5 Engineering Services Company, analyzed the potential impact factors from the perspective of carbon emissions throughout the building’s life cycle, and further discussed how to achieve carbon neutrality in design and operation. She introduced 11 key points from establishing budget and energy efficiency targets to final assessment, which is through 3 dimensions of design validation, construction and commissioning to operation, and explained them with case studies.

During the conference, participants conducted in-depth exchanges and discussions on topics such as the scope of hotel carbon emission audit, the difficulties of energy-saving transformation in hotel industry after epidemic, as well as the experience of energy-saving and decarbonization technology paths for hotels in Greater Bay Area. Institute of Energy, Environment and Economy, Tsinghua University and LCGHDA discussed follow-up work and confirmed the work plan for this year.

After the conference, participants visited the exhibition hall in Guangdong-Macau In-depth Cooperation Zone in Hengqin, where the staff introduced the history, location and transportation, development plan, construction features, strategic position, core missions and existing policy framework in Hengqin in details. Hengqin not only has national policy preferences, but also has considerable policy heights and late-mover advantages. The genes of ecological civilization construction, low carbon and green philosophies have long been deeply rooted in the development of the city. The “Ecological Green Island” and “Low Carbon Ecological Pilot Town” imply that Hengqin will adopt the same standards for low carbon development in the future. In addition to learning from these development concepts, we also hope to help the members of Alliance better integrate into the green development in Greater Bay Area in the future.

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